20 aprilie 2010

Colosseumul

In sfarsit a venit si randul Colosseumului, cunoscut initial sub denumirea de Amfiteatrul Flavian. Dupa cum probabil stiti, aici se tineau in antichitate lupte cu gladiatori, cu animale, fiind ucisi de asemenea o multime de crestini. Acest amfiteatru adapostea in jur de 50 000 de spectatori, veniti pentru mult ravnita portie de "paine si circ".


Constructia Colosseumului a fost inceputa pe locul unui lac artificial, de catre imparatul Vespasian in anul 72 d.Hr. si s-a incheiat in anul 80 d.Hr., la un an dupa moartea imparatului. Arena are forma eliptica, iar zidul exterior are inaltimea de 48 m. Zidul exterior cuprinde trei niveluri de arcade suprapuse de ordine diferite si un atic inalt, prevazut cu ferestre. Arcadele sunt incadrate de semicoloane dorice, ionice si corintice (observati-le in poza de mai jos), iar aticul e impodobit de pilastrii corintici. Fiecare arc de la al doilea si al treile nivel era ornat cu statui.



In interior, existau doua niveluri de galerii subterane, unde se aflau vestiarele luptatorilor, cat si custile cu animale, care erau ridicate la suprafata cu niste platforme speciale. Spectatorii erau asezati in tribune in functie de rang. Imparatul, vestalele si alti membrii importanti ai societatii aveau locuri privilegiate.






Sistemul de evacuare era foarte eficient. In caz de pericol, amfiteatrul putea fi evacuat in cateva minute.

3 comentarii:

olivia spunea...

It seems that every time that I see the coliseum I have to stop and read the accompanying article. This is beautiful photography of an amazing site. I just think back to the carnage, death and grandeur that this building once held. It's hard not to think about the politics that emanated from the bloody sand. This building is one of the most visually beautiful in Rome and this is apparent in theclassic online photos . Our huge arenas are based on the this incredible architectural marvel. The open amphitheater was well known in ancient Greek culture, but the Roman’s had retractable canvas roofs, and legend tells us that the base could be flooded for spectacular shows where boats were sunk. Christians were unjustly persecuted and became targets of Nero’s wrath. This incredible building is crumbling away before our very eyes. It represents a time when Rome was the vanguard of all things dealing with both art and culture

Anonim spunea...

mi-am terminat proectul la istorie mersi

tyooo:x spunea...

Multumesc mult....mi-am terminat un proiect si am luat o nota mare!!!:):*